A Comprehensive Overview of Different Parts of a Computer Screen


The computer screen, more formally known as the computer monitor, can be considered as the window into the digital world. It is where every piece of digital information, be it text, imagery, or video, comes to life. But, a computer screen is not just a singular element. It is made up of various vital components that work in unison to provide a seamless operational experience to the user. In this article, we explore these integral parts of a computer screen extensively.

Unlocking the Mystery of Computer Screens

  1. The Display Area

    The display area is the most prominent part of a computer screen. It’s essentially the area where everything from your operating system’s GUI, applications to different media are displayed. The quality of a computer’s display area is typically measured in resolution, with a higher number of pixels leading to a more detailed image representation.

  2. Pixel

    Each image we see on the computer screen is an amalgamation of numerous tiny square-shaped blocks known as pixels. These pixels collectively form the images we see on-screen. The color displayed by each pixel is determined by three subpixels – red, green, and blue (RGB), which can range in intensity from ‘off’ to ‘full intensity’. Variations in these combinations result in the millions of colours we can see on a modern monitor.

  3. Screen Light Panel

    The screen light panel or the backlight panel illuminates the pixels to create the images you see. There are generally two common types of backlight technologies – CCFL and LED, with the latter being the most popular due to its energy efficiency and better color accuracy.

  4. Screen Coating

    Screen coating varies from monitor-to-monitor but its main purpose is to reduce glare (reflective light) that can strain the user’s eyes. There are three types of coatings commonly used – matte, glossy and semi-glossy. Matte coating diffuses light, minimizing glare but can also reduce color contrast. On the other hand, glossy coating increases color vibrancy but is more susceptible to glare. Semi-glossy strikes a balance between the two.

  5. LCD Panel

    The actual construction of the screen involves the sandwiching of liquid crystals between two layers of polarizing material. Different types of liquid crystal display (LCD) technologies exist, including TN (Twisted Nematic), IPS (In-Panel Switching), and VA (Vertical Alignment). Each offers varying levels of color accuracy, viewing angles and response times.

  6. Screen Bezel

    The screen bezel is the outer plastic or metal cover that frames the monitor screen. While primarily utilized for protecting the screen, the bezel can also contribute to aesthetics and thus provide a more appealing look to the monitor.

  7. Control Buttons

    Control buttons are usually found on the front, bottom, or side of the monitor and allow you to modify the monitor settings like brightness, contrast, screen position and more. Some monitors also come with touch-enabled buttons for a more smooth user experience.

  8. Ports and Connectors

    These are stationed at the back or underbelly of the monitor and are used for making various connections. Common connectors include the VGA (Video Graphics Array), HDMI (High Definition Multimedia Interface), and DVI (Digital Video Interface). The modern monitors also include USB ports for added flexibility.

The Evolution of Computer Screens

Computer monitors have evolved dramatically over the years. Starting from CRT (Cathode Ray Tube) monitors of the early computer era to the LCDs and LEDs of today, the advancement in technology has enabled monitors to reduce in size and increase in clarity and functionality. The evolution continues with the advent of OLEDs and Quantum Dot displays, promising better color accuracy and power efficiency.


The computer screen is an indispensable part of our digital lives. Unveiling its underpinnings not only offers an understanding of how we view digital content, but also guides us in making an educated decision when buying a new monitor. With this comprehensive overview of different parts of a computer screen, you can now appreciate the complex engineering and technology that goes into creating the seemingly simple computer screen.

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